Let’s discover the ten breeds of miniature dogs, their characters, their main faults and qualities. These are dogs whose life expectancy is quite high, as is the case for all small breeds, as long as the master gives his little companion the care he needs. The food must be adapted to the animal of course, to its stature, its activity and its age. For him to live long and in good health, the ideal is that the dog can benefit from a regular veterinary follow-up.
He holds the record for being the smallest dog in the world. Its length, from the muzzle to the tip of the tail, does not exceed 21 cm for a height at the withers of 15 to 22 cm. Its maximum weight can reach at most 3 kg, however, some of these dogs weigh only 800 g. He has a sacred character so that despite his small size he occupies an impressive place in the life of his master. A little too spoiled at times, he can pick up very bad habits. The Chihuahua – like many other dogs – therefore needs to be educated. He is intrepid, capricious at times, not always very conciliatory with children, but he is also courageous and despite his small size, he is resistant to many illnesses. Its life expectancy is between 14 and 18 years.
The dwarf Spitz
With his air of a little teddy bear, this dog is nicknamed Loulou de Poméranie. It weighs at most 2 to 3 kg and does not exceed 21 cm. He is known for his bad temper. It is a born runaway, so it is essential to have a fully enclosed yard or garden. This ball of energy which needs exercises every day is faithful and covers its owner with affection. His big fault is to bark a lot for no reason. It is therefore essential to educate him as soon as possible so that he does not disturb family life or the neighborhood. Its life expectancy is 14 years on average.
The Maltese Bichon
This small ball of immaculate white fur has a maximum weight of 3.5 to 4 kg and measures at most 24 cm. Extremely faithful to his masters, he is very affectionate. He is said to be able to read the slightest of their emotions on their faces. Intelligent, sensitive, courageous, the Maltese Bichon can put his life in danger to defend his master. Easy to live with, he is dynamic and can even be fearless when you play with him. Its life expectancy is about 15 years.
The Shih Tzu
It is a small dog with long hair, which does not measure more than 25 cm for the female and 27 cm for the male for a weight of 4 to 8 kg at most. This “lion dog” (this is what its name means in Tibetan), is quite calm and very affectionate, it needs a fairly serene master. Patient, determined with sometimes a touch of stubbornness, he has a cheerful character and loves to play a lot. The Shih Tzu is happy in any environment, house, apartment, countryside, city. Sociable, he hates loneliness. Of good constitution, he is not particularly fragile. Its life expectancy is between 11 and 14 years.
The Yorkshire Terrier
This dog among the smallest weighs only 2 to 3 kg in adulthood for a maximum length of 15 to 25 cm. The Yorkshire Terrier has a strong character and is not particularly patient with children. He is sometimes cantankerous, is generally stubborn. But that does not prevent him from being affectionate with his master. He is a dog who barks a lot, so it is important to teach him to channel himself. Courageous, he does not hesitate to hunt certain rodents such as rats if given the opportunity. On the health side, he is quite exposed to joint problems. Its life expectancy is estimated at fifteen years.
The Petit Brabancon
This small short-haired dog has a maximum size of 24 cm for a weight of 3 to 6 kg. It is therefore a small size but nevertheless robust. Muscular, he does not hesitate to activate himself. He likes to play and shows great temerity even with large dogs. A little shaky and sometimes in a fickle mood, he must be educated as soon as possible, especially since this can enable him to tolerate the presence of children more easily. It is even necessary to be vigilant when the family includes very young children. Close to his master, he is faithful, affectionate, and prefers not to spend too much time away from him. He doesn’t like loneliness. This dog enjoys solid health. Its life expectancy is 13 years.
The Russkiy Toy or Russian Toy Terrier
It is also called Russian Little Dog. It measures 20 to 25 cm and weighs at most 2 to 3 kg. Intelligent, patient, docile, affectionate, sociable with everyone including strangers, he is an adorable little companion who gets along with other animals. He likes both an apartment and a house with a garden. Energetic, he likes to exert himself on a daily basis. He is an endearing little dog who is very easy to train. He does not present any particular vulnerability in terms of health. Its life expectancy is 11 to 12 years.
The Toy Poodle
A small dog with curly hair, the Toy Poodle measures about 24 cm and weighs 2 to 4 kg. We don’t know of any character flaws. We can at most reproach him for barking a little too much without reason. A habit he may never take if he is educated early enough, which is very easy because he is obedient and intelligent. He is also affectionate, always jovial, very balanced, he loves to play and is never aggressive. He is a particularly sociable dog who can therefore accompany his master everywhere. It is also better not to leave him too long without company because he finds it difficult to tolerate loneliness and hates inactivity. Its life expectancy is about 12 or 13 years.
The Dwarf Dachshund
This muscular dog measures on average 27 cm at the withers and weighs only 4 kg at the most. The Miniature Dachshund has a balanced personality. He likes to play and is very affectionate, including with children. However, he can be blamed for being a little possessive and for barking frequently for no reason, which can disturb the peace of the neighborhood. It is therefore advisable to educate this dog from an early age and with a certain firmness. On the health side, it can be fragile at the level of the spine. Its life expectancy is about 13 years.
The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
It is a long-haired small breed dog that measures between 25 and 34 cm for a maximum weight of 6 kg. It is classified in the category of pleasure spaniels. Intelligent, he breathes the joy of living and is very affectionate. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel loves cuddles. However, he is relatively reserved with strangers. He likes to play with children whose company he enjoys. It is very easy to train which is a plus for owners who are not very patient. Its life expectancy is on average 11 years.
Make no mistake, just because these dogs are small doesn’t mean they don’t need activity. Yes, they can live in apartments and in urban environments, but like any larger dog they need activity. This is very important for their development and for their health. A sedentary lifestyle is beneficial neither to the master nor to the dog, however small it may be, so this is an excellent reason to share a daily walk outdoors, complete with a few games, a story that everyone spends a little.