There is a very wide range of food products for cats. So it’s hard to choose. If it is possible to choose kibble adapted to the age of your tomcat, its size, its possible sterilization, its weight or even its frailties in terms of health, there is also a diet designed to meet the needs. of his race. Nevertheless, is it useful to make this choice and invest in a diet dedicated to the breed of your little kitty? What are the main principles to respect in terms of feline food? Our answers in this file.
Feeding your cat according to its breed
Nowadays, cat food is available in multiple ranges of products designed according to the age of the tomcat, its weight, its health, its possible castration or sterilization or even its breed. If adapting the croquettes of his little companion to some of his characteristics – in particular his age – is essential, the question arises as to the usefulness of adapting them to his breed.
Cat breeds, a relatively recent appearance
The breeds of cats that we know today are descended from the African wildcat, although it is necessary to distinguish between those which are the fruit of naturally occurring breeds and those which have been created by man through breeding and crossbreeding.
It was to eliminate rodents that attacked crops that the first wild cats were domesticated. If dogs had become the companions of men for several millennia thanks to the multiple functions they are capable of fulfilling, cats were adopted later because of the lesser interest that man could derive from them. These tomcats have nevertheless gradually been tamed and have become, over the centuries, life companions in their own right.
These breeds of cats have gradually developed, adapting to their environment, climatic conditions, etc. These naturally born breeds have thus developed certain specificities of their own, but also certain specific behavioral and character traits, this combination being thus accompanied by particular needs, particularly in terms of food.
Adapting your cat’s diet to its breed: what are the advantages?
There are more and more specific foods on the market, in supermarkets, pet shops and veterinarians. Croquettes for kittens, for senior cats, for adult cats, for sterilized adult cats, for overweight cats, for cats suffering from kidney problems, for cats with difficult digestion and other types have been accompanied by “special breed” products for some years now.
The composition of these products is specifically designed to meet the specific nutritional needs of a given breed. For example, it makes it possible to meet greater energy requirements for a breed that needs to exert itself more strongly, or on the contrary lower for a breed that tends to be overweight or obese. It also makes it possible to prevent the appearance of certain diseases (urinary, hepatic, cutaneous, bone, cardiac, muscular, articular disorders, etc.) in breeds which are predisposed to them.
The “special breed” food thus makes it possible to meet the needs of a cat according to the characteristics of its breed. Nevertheless, there are no products designed for all existing breeds, only for some.
Note, however, that this type of food is relatively expensive, without meeting all the needs of the cat. Indeed, if its breed predisposes it to certain nutritional needs and certain diseases, each animal is unique and has specific needs.
Feeding your cat well: how to do it?
In terms of feline food, there is a whole range of products that meet a multitude of criteria:
- cat food according to its breed;
- cat food according to its age;
- cat food according to its size;
- cat food according to its weight;
- cat food according to its activity;
- cat food according to where it lives;
- food for sterilized or non-sterilized cats;
- cat food according to its illnesses;
- food for cats with difficult digestion.
Of course, it is also possible to give your animal a homemade diet based on recipes prepared with fresh products.
You can completely feed your tomcat based on the characteristics mentioned above (breed, size, age, weight, etc.), but it is above all imperative to respect certain major principles in terms of feline nutrition in order to respond to their nutritional needs.
Here are the four main principles to follow.
Home or industrial food
In terms of cat food, it is possible to choose industrial food, in the form of croquettes or pâtés, and homemade food.
- Industrial food has the great advantage of meeting the nutritional needs of the cat, provided that a quality product is chosen. It is thus much easier to adapt the food of your little companion to its specificities (sterilization, breed, size, age, diseases and sensitivities, etc.). Industrial croquettes are to be preferred, because they are healthier and more digestible while helping to reduce the formation of dental plaque, but the pâtés make it easier to hydrate a tomcat who tends to drink little.
- Homemade cat food consists of recipes and fresh, quality and healthy products. If this food attracts more and more cat masters, it is however more difficult to cover all the nutritional needs of the tomcat. Also, care should be taken to avoid toxic foods.
It is imperative to offer your cat a healthy, balanced and quality diet. Buy your little kitty’s kibble from the veterinarian or a pet store. Avoid products sold in supermarkets, because even if they are easily accessible, less expensive and supposedly dedicated to the specific needs of cats, they are products of lower quality.
High-quality kibbles and organic cat food are more expensive to buy, but they are made from premium ingredients that are healthier and of better nutritional quality. They are thus more satiating, which allows your cat to eat less to satisfy his hunger and meet his nutritional needs, and thus better manage his appetite – thus avoiding overweight and obesity. In addition, the vitamins and minerals that make up these premium foods are better preserved, which better meets all the cat’s needs and avoids the risk of deficiencies and diseases.
As a result, you will have understood that if these kibbles cost more to buy, your pet consumes less of them for food, which makes them more durable, and it is healthier. You can thus reduce your expenses for the purchase of kibble and your expenses for veterinary care! You thus ensure the well-being of your little companion, the beauty of his coat and his skin and you protect him from many diseases very simply. A win-win solution!
The appropriate quantities
Unlike the dog, the cat is a nibbler animal capable of regulating itself. It is therefore preferable to leave his bowl of kibble available throughout the day, with fresh, clean water at all times. He will be able to eat as soon as he feels the need.
Serve him his croquettes or his ration in a clean bowl, which you will clean – as far as possible – daily. Install it in a quiet place, away from noise and drafts.
If your tomcat tends to eat too greedily, his diet may lack quality, be unsuited to his needs, insufficient in quantity or even bored. Be sure to adapt it to its needs to prevent it from developing eating and behavioral problems.
Adapting to the evolution of your cat’s life
If it is not essential to adapt your tomcat’s diet according to all the existing criteria – in particular breed criteria – it is however strongly recommended to follow its age.
Indeed, the weaned kitten needs an ultra-nourishing diet to meet its important and demanding nutritional needs during the growth period. A specific diet must therefore be given to it, a diet that is also suitable for the pregnant cat so that it can meet the needs of its young and its own.
The older cat also has other dietary needs to protect it from certain diseases and the weakening of its immune system. In addition, kibbles for senior cats are easier to chew for their weakened teeth and to digest for their sensitive digestive system.
Finally, the adult cat also has certain food needs, which are not those of kittens or older cats. In this case, you can consider meeting his needs based on other criteria (sterilization, weight, height, race, etc.).
At any age, you must adapt to the needs of your little companion and offer him a quality diet that meets them in order to preserve his health and well-being.