Discover the list of cat breeds recognized by the LOOF. For more than 50 feline breeds, Wamiz offers you a complete sheet with the characteristics, the official standard and photos of the cat.
Cat breeds: everything you need to know!
When you want to adopt a cat, several questions immediately arise. The first is obviously to know if you want to buy a purebred cat in a cattery and therefore from a breeder or rather adopt a crossbred cat in a shelter or an association. In the case of a purebred cat, you have to think about the different hereditary diseases that would be incumbent on the breed. Then you have to ask yourself what you expect from the animal. Do we want a cat that has a very specific character, that is suitable for living in an apartment and does not need a lot of space, or on the contrary a very independent cat that can be left alone?
Obviously, you have to ask yourself these questions before adopting the animal so that everything goes well afterwards when living with your new little companion. Follow the leader !
How to choose the breed of your cat?
Unlike dog breeds that actually have specific behavioral characteristics, things are less clear cut with cats. The first criterion that will make you choose a purebred cat rather than an alley cat resulting from a cross will therefore be its physique and its morphology: long or short hair (or even no hair at all), dense and silky fur , a coat with a specific pattern, eyes of a specific color, a flattened nose, a size… Here, there will therefore be no question of taste.
But what about the character of the cat? Can choosing to adopt a purebred cat be done on behavioral criteria? Are there purebred cats that are calmer, more playful or more affectionate than others? Are some cats more sociable and fond of petting than others? Is a breed of cat more appropriate when you have children or when you are older?
It’s hard to say. But it is obvious that not all cat breeds have the same character and behavior. Some cats will be wilder like Abyssinians and Bengals, while other breeds of cats will be more sociable and ready for long petting sessions, such as British and Persian Chinchillas. For its part, the Siamese cat will be more exclusive and particularly talkative, while the Turkish Angora will be particularly fusional and the Sphynx a real little pot of glue!
To go further and see you offer cat breeds according to your personality and lifestyle, take our quiz to find out which cat breeds suit you!
Purebred cat or alley cat: what are the differences?
Choosing to adopt a purebred cat or an alley cat (not to be confused with the European cat) is mainly a matter of taste. Because the main difference between a purebred cat and an alley cat lies in its physical appearance: morphology, fur, hair length, eye color, muzzle…
The advantages of a purebred cat
If you want a cat with a very specific morphology, it is on the side of purebred cats that you will have to turn. Indeed, purebred cats have a very particular physique, which meets specific criteria and which results from a long work of genetic selection.
Do you dream of a kitten with blue eyes? A small feline with dense fur or on the contrary with short hair? A crushed muzzle? All these criteria vary from one breed to another but can be selected when choosing a breed of cat because it must meet very specific standards. This is not the case when you opt for an alley cat, or even for a cat from a crossbreed. In this case, it is more difficult to know precisely what the cat will look like as an adult.
The disadvantages of the purebred cat
It should be noted, however, that purebred cats are more predisposed to genetic diseases. Thus, the Maine Coon and the Rex Devon, for example, are often prone to heart disease.
The other aspect to consider is the financial aspect. And for good reason since the price of an alley cat is absolutely not the same as that of a purebred cat. Where an alley cat can be sold for a quite reasonable sum, the purebred cat will be sold at a very high price, sometimes even several hundred euros.
As for the character, there are quite a few differences between a purebred cat and an alley cat even if certain behaviors may vary slightly. This is absolutely not comparable to dogs whose character varies greatly depending on the breed. But some differences still exist.
Here are some possible races based on common character traits:
- Affectionate cat: the Siamese, the Turkish Angora, the Sphynx or the Persian are particularly close to their master.
- Calm cat: the Maine Coon, the Persian or the British are known not to be particularly active cats.
- Active cat: the Devon Rex, the Charteux or the Abyssinian on the contrary are known to be strong-headed and rather restless.
- Cat-dog: The Maine Coon, the Ragdoll, the Egyptian Mau or the Turk of Van are cats with a character close to that of a dog.
Adopting an alley cat?
If the physique of your future cat or kitten does not interest you more than that and you simply want to adopt a cat to share good times in its company, it may be interesting to opt for a simple alley cat that you will find in a shelter or with an association. Many crossbred cats are awaiting adoption and are just as sociable and fond of caresses as a small feline from a cattery or pet store.
The alley cats can also have a morphology close to that of a purebred cat according to the crosses. Thus, there is an infinity of choices among these cats who can have very different coats from each other, but also eyes of different colors, more or less fur…
Finally, there is nothing like adopting an adult cat to know its character perfectly beforehand.
Pedigree, LOOF: what is it?
The Official Book of Feline Origins (LOOF) is the genealogical register of purebred cats born in France. This is the equivalent of the LOF for dogs. This book categorizes all breeds of cats and their characteristics, while giving all the information necessary to know their origins.
As for the pedigree, it presents the entire genealogy of the cat over several generations. It also recognizes the cat as being part of a breed and therefore gives it its status as a purebred cat. A cat will only be officially recognized as a purebred cat if it has a LOOF pedigree.
When you adopt a cat from a cattery, the breeder must provide you with their vaccination record stamped by the veterinarian, a certificate of sale and a temporary official LOOF registration document if it is a kitten. In the case of an adult cat, the breeder of the cattery will issue the pedigree directly.