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Can we bring a dog or puppy from a foreign country?

While traveling abroad, you may have fallen for a little puppy or a dog and you want to adopt it and bring it back to France. Yes, it’s quite possible, provided you meet certain conditions and comply with the regulations in force, which may vary depending on the dog’s country of origin. What are the conditions to meet to bring back his new small animal from a foreign country? Let’s take a look at this case.

Can we bring a dog or a puppy from a foreign country?

Yes, it is quite possible to bring a dog or puppy from a foreign country, but it is essential to respect certain procedures to do so and the regulations in force.

First of all, be aware that it is forbidden to introduce into France a dog that belongs to a category 1 breed, that is to say an attack dog considered dangerous. This concerns the following breeds:

  • American Staffordshire terriers or pit bulls;
  • Mastiffs or Boerbulls;
  • the Tosas.

It is possible to introduce certain breeds of category 2 guard and defense dogs into our country, but only on condition that the regulations in force are respected. This concerns the following breeds:

  • American Staffordshire terrier or pit bull dogs;
  • Rottweiler breed dogs;
  • Tosa breed dogs;
  • dogs similar to Rottweiler breed dogs by their morphological characteristics, not registered with the LOF.

It is possible to bring back up to five dogs from abroad, but on condition that any animal introduced has at least one adult tooth.

Pay attention to local regulations

You should still know that before considering adopting a dog or a puppy abroad, you will have to respect the regulations in force in its country of origin. Depending on local legislation, you may have to complete an adoption file, prove your ability to adopt an animal or even register on a waiting list.

It is therefore better to find out well in advance about these parameters, but also about the conditions for transporting dogs and puppies applied within the airline or rail company with which you plan to travel.

In addition, you will have to respect other measures for the animal’s entry into France.

What are the conditions of entry into France for a puppy or a dog adopted abroad?

Depending on the country of origin of the dog or puppy, the conditions for entering French territory will be different.

If the dog or puppy is from a European Union country or a country that applies European regulations

To be able to enter France legally, the puppy or dog must meet the following conditions:

  • it must have an electronic chip or a tattoo if it was done before July 3, 2011 and if it is still visible;
  • he must be vaccinated against rabies;
  • he must have a valid European Pet Passport.

In addition, the animal must have completed any health measures for the prevention of disease and infection. To find out about these measures, it is possible to inquire with the French embassy or consulate in the country of origin of the dog, with a French veterinarian before departure or with a veterinarian practicing within the country. origin of the doggie.

If the dog or puppy is from a country outside the European Union

If the dog or puppy is from a country outside the European Union, the regulations may vary. Either way, it must meet the following conditions:

  • it must have an electronic chip or a tattoo if it was done before July 3, 2011 and it is still visible;
  • he must be vaccinated against rabies;
  • it must have undergone a rabies antibody titration test in a laboratory approved by the European Union on a blood sample taken at least 30 days after the rabies vaccination in order to verify its effectiveness;
  • it must have a health certificate issued by a veterinarian from the country of origin of the animal, at the latest 10 days before arrival in France or in another country of the European Union in the event of a stopover;
  • he must have a valid European Pet Passport.

Vaccination against rabies can only be carried out after the age of 12 weeks in the puppy. It is effective 21 days later and must be followed by an annual reminder to remain valid. Moreover, to be valid, it is imperative that it be carried out after the identification of the animal.

In all cases, it is imperative to check with the French embassy or consulate abroad.

Have your dog or puppy identified at the I-CAD

For a dog or puppy to be brought back to France from a foreign country, it must be identified with the I-CAD (identification of domestic carnivores) within a maximum period of 8 days after its arrival in France.

To do this, simply consult the veterinarian who then establishes, after a health examination, a provisional certificate of identification during importation or intra-Community trade. The form can then be sent to I-CAD by post (112-114 avenue Gabriel Péri 94246 L’Haÿ-les-Roses Cedex) or completed directly online by the practitioner and accompanied by supporting documents. Then, a payment of 9.23 euros is due to the I-CAD.

You should know that the list of supporting documents to be provided may vary depending on the country of origin of the dog or puppy.

For a dog or puppy from a European Union country or Switzerland

If the dog or puppy is from a country of the European Union or Switzerland, it is necessary to provide photocopies of several pages of the passport of the country of origin of the animal:

  • the description of the dog or puppy;
  • the animal’s identification number;
  • vaccination against rabies;
  • the date of issue of the passport.

If the dog or puppy has not been vaccinated against rabies or if the vaccination does not comply with the regulations in force, the veterinarian who takes care of the animal must notify the Departmental Directorate for the Protection of Populations (DDPP). ). If the situation so requires, a prefectural decree may decide to put the doggie under surveillance for a certain period of time. Once this period has expired and upon provision of valid proof of rabies vaccination – and unless otherwise specified – the definitive identification card is issued.

For a dog or puppy from a country outside the European Union

If the puppy or dog is from a country outside the European Union, it is necessary to provide its original health certificate drawn up by the veterinarian before leaving its country of origin. This document must include the following elements:

  • identification of the dog or puppy;
  • proof of rabies vaccination of the doggie;
  • titration of anti-rabies antibodies carried out in a laboratory approved by the European Union on a blood sample taken at least 30 days after the anti-rabies vaccination in order to verify its effectiveness. However, it should be noted that puppies and dogs from certain countries in the world are exempt from this requirement (Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Netherlands Antilles, Argentina, Australia, Aruba, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Barbados, Bahrain, Bermuda, Belarus, Canada, Chile, United Arab Emirates, United States of America – including Guam, American Samoa, Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico and US Virgin Islands –, Russian Federation, Fiji, Gibraltar, Greenland, Guernsey, Hong Kong , Iceland, Cayman Islands, Isle of Man, Falkland Islands, British Virgin Islands, Wallis and Futuna Islands, Jamaica, Japan, Jersey, Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Monaco, Montserrat, Mauritius, Mexico, Malaysia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, French Polynesia, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Helena, Saint Lucia, San Marino, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Holy See, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Singapore, Switzerland, Trinidad and Tobago, Taiwan and Vanuatu).

Here again, if the dog or puppy is not vaccinated against rabies or if the vaccination does not comply with the regulations in force, the veterinarian who takes care of the animal must notify the Departmental Directorate for the Protection of populations (DDPP).

In the absence of an official document from the country of origin of the dog or puppy, it will be necessary to send the I-CAD a written certificate stating this and proof of vaccination against rabies carried out in France.

If the situation so requires, a prefectural decree may decide to put the doggie under surveillance for a certain period of time. Once this period has expired and upon provision of valid proof of rabies vaccination – and unless otherwise specified – the definitive identification card is issued.

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