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10 things to know about this breed of dog

Known for its spotted coat, the Dalmatian is an elegant and world-famous dog. This sporty, sensitive and stubborn dog is recommended for regulars in canine education, because he has a strong character. Unique, he has physical characteristics specific to his race, and a fiery temper. To know everything about this spotted breed, here are 10 things to know about the Dalmatian.

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Who hasn’t dreamed of adopting a little Dalmatian after seeing Walt Disney’s “101 Dalmatians” film, which features these little spotted puppies? The Dalmatian is a unique breed of dog, which is attracting more and more people around the world. Be careful though, this big dog has a strong character, and its adoption is not recommended for beginners who would like to acquire a first dog. Indeed, the Dalmatian can be proud, which requires a lot of thought before adopting this breed of dog.

Both playful, athletic, sensitive and stubborn, the Dalmatian has many qualities that make him a very good life companion. If he is properly educated, he can quickly become your best friend but also that of the whole family. To learn all about this unique animal, here are 10 facts about the Dalmatian.

The Dalmatian is known for its spotted coat

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The Dalmatian is a unique and original dog because its coat is not like the others. Indeed, this breed is above all known for its white coat speckled with black dots. For a Dalmatian to be officially recognized as such, its coat must correspond to several criteria: the black spots must be round, distributed over the entire body of the dog, and their diameter must be between 2 and 3 centimeters.

The Dalmatian’s ears should also be spotted, as a single-colored ear is considered a defect according to the dog breed standard. The Dalmatian’s tail is not necessarily covered with spots, even if this criterion is highly sought after by dog ​​breed lovers.

The Dalmatian is from Croatia

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As its name suggests, the Dalmatian originates from Dalmatian, a region in Croatia. Although its origins still remain a mystery, experts believe the breed is thousands of years old. Indeed, the Dalmatian is one of the oldest dog breeds, as paintings representing the animal and dating from the 16th and 18th centuries have been found.

At the time, the Dalmatian was used to escort stagecoaches, as this dog has the ability to run long distances and has a natural calming effect on horses. Dalmatians also acted as guard dogs in front of the coaches which stopped frequently.

The Dalmatian is born spotless

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It’s an unknown fact: the Dalmatian puppy has no spot at birth. When he is born, the Dalmatian has an all-white coat, and the black spots appear between two and four weeks after his birth. It is for this reason in particular that in “101 Dalmatians”, Cruella does not understand why one of the puppies is completely white, and thinks that it is a fake Dalmatian…

The puppy’s diet will have an impact on its future coat. If the little Dalmatian is fed red meat, his hair may turn pink as he grows. Conversely, if he eats white meat, his coat will be white. Also note that Dalmatians have more and more spots as they get older.

The maintenance of the coat of the Dalmatian must be regular

The Dalmatian has a short coat that does not need much maintenance. However, it is important to take regular care of the Dalmatian’s coat, to preserve the health of its hair and skin. Thus, it is recommended to brush the dog’s hair once a week, and to give it 3 to 4 baths a year.

Finally, it is necessary to check the Dalmatian’s eyes and ears regularly and clean them if necessary, to avoid any risk of infection.

The Dalmatian is very stubborn

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Attention, the Dalmatian is known to have a strong character and to be a real head of mule. A firm and rigorous education is necessary to educate a Dalmatian, because this dog tends to be very stubborn. His master will have to succeed in adapting to his strong character to teach him to control himself and socialize from an early age.

Because of his proud character, the Dalmatian tends not to listen to his master’s orders and to do as he pleases. It is recommended to adopt a Dalmatian only if its owner has already had dogs in the past and has experience in dog training. If a Dalmatian manages to get the upper hand over his master, he will quickly find himself overwhelmed.

To channel the energy of a Dalmatian, you must above all treat him as an equal, by being respectful. Only then will the dog listen to you and obey you.

The Dalmatian needs to exert himself

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The Dalmatian is a very active dog. With his slender build and great musculature, he has a physique perfectly suited to be able to run for hours. This sturdy dog ​​has a great need to exercise, in order to channel his energy and get physical exercise. Thus, the Dalmatian is perfect for canine sports, such as agility.

It is particularly inadvisable to adopt a Dalmatian for an apartment life, because this dog needs to be able to let off steam in large spaces. In addition, it is essential to plan two long daily walks to take the Dalmatian out, who will take the opportunity to let off steam.

On the other hand, you should not let a Dalmatian sleep outside, because his short hair does not allow him to protect himself from bad weather.

The Dalmatian can become deaf

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Deafness is one of the peculiarities of the Dalmatian. This dog is robust and has good health in general, but he can have problems with deafness, which is linked to the white color of his coat. It is estimated on average that 20 to 30% of puppies are affected by this handicap. Other breeds of dog, also white, can be confronted with these problems of deafness, as is the case for the Bull Terrier.

This handicap which affects the Dalmatian would be linked to a degeneration of the cells of his inner ear. Today, breeders have succeeded in limiting the number of puppies affected by this sensory handicap. The majority of impacted puppies now have partial but not total deafness, which allows the dog to be trained like any other.

The Dalmatian is sensitive

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If the Dalmatian has a fiery temperament, he also shows great sensitivity. Very close to his masters, this big dog also gets along very well with children, with whom he can play for hours. Like many breeds of dog, the Dalmatian does not like loneliness and loves being surrounded by his family.

The Dalmatian is a very observant and empathetic dog who manages to feel the emotions of his master. If the latter is sad or anxious, the Dalmatian will come to know it and will not hesitate to approach its owner to comfort him.

The Dalmatian is a good watchdog

The Dalmatian is a courageous dog that is not afraid of the unknown. Thus, he is excellent as a watchdog, because he will not hesitate to alert you in case of danger, and can growl to try to scare away intruders. In addition, this dog remains vigilant and alert in all circumstances.

The Dalmatian is the mascot of firefighters in the United States

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In the 1800s, horses were used in the United States to pull firefighters’ fire engines into the fire. However, horses can’t stand being near fire, because this source of heat frightens them. It was then that the firefighters decided to take Dalmatians by their side, in order to reassure the horses. Indeed, these large dogs manage to calm equines by their mere presence.

After an alarm sounded at a fire station, the Dalmatians barked to warn the horses and cleared the way for the fire truck. The dogs then ran alongside the horses and remained close to them while the fire professionals extinguished the flames, and brought a comforting presence to the equines.

In addition to their strong bond with horses, Dalmatians have also been present with firefighters in the barracks and have become a symbol of the fire service in the United States. Today, some American fire stations continue to keep Dalmatians in their establishment, and this breed of dog is still the mascot of firefighters in several countries around the world.

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